API 650 flat-bottomed tanks
API 650 flat-bottomed tanks
Strictly controlling the temperature in the flat-bottomed tanks can effectively reduce the volatile consumption of oil in large oil storage tanks. Because the higher the temperature in the oil storage tank, the stronger the activity of oil molecules and the greater the volatilization consumption of the oil. Therefore, the temperature in the flat-bottomed tanks must be reduced as much as possible. It is possible to reduce the direct sunlight temperature by painting white anticorrosive paint with good light reflectivity. It is also possible to use spray equipment to wash the top and wall of the flat-bottomed tanks with water flow to reduce the volatilization consumption of the oil in the storage tank.
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Our company attaches great importance to technical support and after-sales service, and has established a customer service center to provide unified technical support and service for flat-bottomed tanks various engineering projects. Customer service center has a strong technical force of technical service team, composed of a customer service center manager, several flat-bottomed tanks after-sales service personnel, responsible for unified acceptance and processing of local after-sales service needs.
In this project, an elemental area of tank wall used is constructed of ASTM A442 Grade 55 steel plate subjected to a meridional unit force, T1, of 4000 lbf/in.2 tension and a latitudinal unit force, T2, of 5060 lbf/in.2 compression. The meridional radius of curvature, R1, is 75 in., and the length of the normal from the surface to the axis of revolution, R2, is 300 in. The joints in the wall are of double-welded butt-joint construction with a tensile efficiency of 85%. A corrosion allowance of 1/16 in. is required.
The problem in this example is to graphically find the minimum thickness of tank wall required for the given conditions (see 184.108.40.206).
Solution: As determined from Table 5-1, the maximum allowable tensile stress value, Sts, for ASTM A442 Grade 55 steel plate in simple tension is 16,500 lbf/in.2. Since the compressive stress is latitudinal, the governing value of R in this situation is R1, or 75 in.
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