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API oilfield steel storage tanks discharge pipes

API oilfield steel storage tanks discharge pipes

API oilfield steel storage tanks discharge pipes

API oilfield steel storage tanks Breathing valve: The function of the oil tank breathing valve is to adjust the oil and gas pressure in the tank. When the pressure in the tank is too high, part of the excess oil and gas will be discharged through the breathing valve to reduce the pressure in the tank; when the pressure in the tank is too low, through breathing The valve sucks in air from the outside of the tank to increase the pressure in the tank and keep it constant with the atmospheric pressure. The breathing valve is usually installed at the top of the oil tank.

In this project, an elemental area of tank wall used is constructed of ASTM A442 Grade 55 steel plate subjected to a meridional unit force, T1, of 4000 lbf/in.2 tension and a latitudinal unit force, T2, of 5060 lbf/in.2 compression. The meridional radius of curvature, R1, is 75 in., and the length of the normal from the surface to the axis of revolution, R2, is 300 in. The joints in the wall are of double-welded butt-joint construction with a tensile efficiency of 85%. A corrosion allowance of 1/16 in. is required.
The problem in this example is to graphically find the minimum thickness of tank wall required for the given conditions (see 5.10.3.3).
Solution: As determined from Table 5-1, the maximum allowable tensile stress value, Sts, for ASTM A442 Grade 55 steel plate in simple tension is 16,500 lbf/in.2. Since the compressive stress is latitudinal, the governing value of R in this situation is R1, or 75 in.

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